Candidiasis is a common female ailment, which is likely to occur in every woman at least once in her life. It is caused by an overgrowth of yeast called Candida albicans that occurs naturally in us all. When the fungus in the vagina has been escalated to grow too much, it causes a vaginal yeast infection.
The symptoms and the cause
Candidiasis symptoms of infection are intense itching and burning, as well as chunky vaginal discharge. The vulva mucous membranes may show redness and small ulcers. Abdominal pain and fever don’t belong to the symptoms, and if they occur you should contact a physician. The triggering factor for causing infection is not always recognized, but, for example, antibiotics, pregnancy, as well as extensive use of non-breathable panty liners and pads can trigger it. Also artificial fibers and ill-breathable underwear predispose to infection. The yeast can also spread from the rectum into the vagina, so after a toilet visit always wipe from front to back.
Since the symptoms of yeast infection are also similar to many other diseases, such as sexually transmitted diseases or infections, over-the-counter medication should be carefully considered, especially if the yeast infection occurs for the first time. Also, women under 16 and over 60 years of age should see a doctor in case of symptoms.
For the treatment of vaginal yeast infection, vaginal suppositories and oral pills on prescription and non-prescription can be found in pharmacies. Vaginal suppositories are used for 1-3 days, even during menstruation. A variety of creams can handle itching of the vulva area. Asymptomatic inflammatory yeast does not need to be treated.
For the self-treatment good personal hygiene and as a low-calorie diet as possible are of paramount importance. Poorly breathable menstrual pads, panty liners and synthetic fibrous underwear poach the lower end, and the yeast gets a favorable moist substrate.
Yeast infection and menstruation
Candidiasis may erupt during menstruation. In this case, it is essential to use the most breathable underwear as well as see to adequate hygiene. However, the lower end must not be washed and scrubbed too much, so washing with water or a mild detergent with a pH less than 7 is good to remember. Often, however, plain water is best.
During infection, the use of menstrual pads and panty liners should be avoided, because they do not breathe, and thus poach the lower end promoting the growth of yeast. The cup is the best menstrual protection with the yeast infection, as it allows the lower end to breathe and does not disturb the natural moisture balance.
If the infection is internal and the yeast medicine cannot be orally taken or a vaginal suppository in addition to the pill has been prescribed, it should be used in the evenings. In this case, the use of a tampon or cup is not recommended but as menstrual protection cotton pads can be used since they protect and allow the bottom end to breathe. A yeast infection can also affect a man, so if there is a yeast infection going on, it is recommended to use condoms when having sex.